Do you know? Dengue fever is a dangerous disease that can kill the patient if not treated correctly. That is why it is necessary to have complete information about the symptoms, causes, treatment, and prevention of dengue fever.
What is dengue fever?
Dengue fever is a mosquito-transmitted disease most prevalent in tropical and sub-tropical regions. It is a viral disease caused by a virus.
There is a very high fever and severe pain in the muscles and joints. Mosquitoes are the carrier of dengue fever. Dengue fever occurs when a virus-infected Aedes mosquito bites a healthy person.
Dengue has 5 types of serotypes, so dengue can happen again and again in life, but once a person is infected with the serotype, the body builds immunity to that serotype for life.
More than 40% of the world’s population lives in areas prone to dengue. According to the WHO (World Health Organization), more than 20 thousand people worldwide die every year due to dengue, primarily children.
What are the main Causes of dengue fever spread?
Dengue spreads through mosquito bites
Mosquitoes of infected Aedes species (Ae. aegypti or Ae. albopictus) infect humans by biting the dengue virus into the body. It is common for these mosquitoes to lay their eggs in containers where we store water (such as buckets, bowls, animal troughs, and flower pots).
Unlike other mosquitoes, these mosquitoes prefer to bite humans and be found indoors and outdoors. When they bite a sick person, mosquitoes pick up the virus and spread it to others. Dengue virus is transmitted to people through the bite of infected mosquitoes.
Spreads from infected mother to child
Unless a pregnant woman is already infected with dengue, there is a risk of her fetus getting infected. So far, only one confirmed case of dengue transmitted through breast milk has been confirmed.
Even in places where there is a risk of dengue fever, breastfeeding is encouraged because of the health benefits it provides.
Causes of other outbreaks
Dengue can also be spread through blood donation, organ transplant, or needle injury, although this is extremely rare.
Symptoms of Dengue fever
When dengue fever becomes very high, blood pressure (BP) decreases, and bleeding can also occur, called dengue hemorrhagic fever. There is no sure medicine for this disease; treatment is its prevention at the right time.
Symptoms of dengue fever appear 4-7 days after the mosquito bite. As we mentioned, dengue fever is a fever caused by a virus, many types of symptoms are seen in the human body.
Some of the main dengue symptoms among them are:
- Dengue (40°C/104°F) fever means a very high fever.
- There is a lot of pain in the head.
- Severe pain in muscles, bones, and joints.
- Pain in the lower part of the eyes.
- Swelling of limbs.
- Skin rash or redness.
- Swelling in the lymph node.
Symptoms of Hemorrhagic Dengue Fever
If dengue is not treated at the right time, it takes Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever. Its symptoms are very different from those of early dengue infection.
Symptoms of Hemorrhagic Dengue Fever:
- Severe pain in the stomach.
- Do not stop vomiting.
- Bleeding of gums and nose of teeth.
- Blood in urine, stool, or vomit.
- Bleeding from the skin
- Anxiety and weakness.
Treatment of dengue fever
There is no specific treatment for dengue as a virus causes it. Some remedies for relieving, some of which are home, and some may require you to go to the hospital. Like:
- First of all, drink more and more water. With this, you can avoid dehydration.
- In case of high fever, take only a paracetamol tablet.
- If the condition worsens, reach your nearest health center as soon as possible.
- Consult your doctor before taking any pain pills.