Arguments are clashing day and night over The Kashmir Files. Even the logicians do not know when the arguments are becoming sordid. This section is trying to target Muslims on the pretext of film.
Talking about the atrocities on Kashmiri Pandits. So the second section asks the question: when Kashmiri Pandits were expelled, whose government was at the center? The BJP supported VP Singh’s government with 80 MPs.
And the name is being taken of BJP leader and then Governor Jagmohan. Overall, there is a lot of confusion. Today we will again try to clear this confusion. They will know what happened during the displacement. What were the characters who turned a blind eye, and what happened to the rehabilitation claims?
You can understand the displacement of Kashmiri Pandits like a time bomb, which didn’t burst suddenly. His countdown had started long ago. There is only a difference of opinion on when the countdown started – at the time of independence, or during the Dogra rule over Kashmir, or centuries ago, when the demography of Kashmir started to change.
Our countdown will start from 1987. There were allegations of massive rigging in the Jammu and Kashmir assembly elections. And the discontent arising out of it is considered a major reason for the rise of militancy in the Valley.
Now coming to the 1987 election. At that time, the government of the National Conference was running in the state. The Chief Minister was Farooq Abdullah. And the governor was Jagmohan. The Congress government was at the center, and Rajiv Gandhi was the Prime Minister. It is an open secret that the National Conference and Congress alliance won this election because the system from center to state allowed rigging.
Many parties involved in the Hurriyat Conference, which became the voice of Pakistan in the Valley, such as Jamaat-e-Islami, People’s Conference, and Ittihad-ul-Muslimeen, participated in this election. Syed Salahuddin also contested in this election from Amira Kadal of Srinagar. In the results, he has declared a loser.
The same Syed Salahuddin became the leader of a dreaded terrorist organization named Hizbul Mujahideen in 1991. There are hundreds of such examples.
Farooq Abdullah became the Chief Minister and started running the government. But the atmosphere in the Valley worsened. The youth of Kashmir would go to Pakistan on a large scale and return as terrorists. Targeted killings of Kashmiri Pandits started from September 1989 – BJP leader Tika Lal Taplu, retired judge Neelkanth Ganju, journalist Prem Nath Bhatt.
The list started getting longer. By December 1989, the hit list of Pandits started being discussed. Suppose your name is on the hit list. Pandit started dying twice. Reading the name in the hit list for the first time. And the second time when the hit list was executed.
In December 1989, Vishwanath Pratap Singh ran the Janata Dal government at the center, supported by the Bharatiya Janata Party. Former Chief of Army Staff General Kotkalpudi Venkata Krishnarao (R) was the Governor of Jammu and Kashmir.
This was followed by an anonymous announcement allegedly published by the Hizbul Mujahideen in newspapers in the Valley. In this, the Pandits were asked to leave the Valley. Kashmiri Pandits were taken out of their homes and led in processions, and slogans were raised for the alleged independence of Kashmir.
Seeing the deteriorating atmosphere, VP Singh dismissed Farooq Abdullah’s government. And once again, given the charge of Governor of Jammu and Kashmir to Jagmohan.
But by then, it was too late. On the night of January 19, the loudspeakers of mosques started making announcements – Raliway, Saliv or Galliway.
Meaning either accept Islam, or leave this land, or die. From the morning of January 20, Kashmiri Pandits started leaving the Valley. On January 21, 160 Kashmiri Muslims lost their lives in a CRPF troop firing, known as the Gaukadal massacre.
All these incidents widened the rift between Kashmiri Hindus and Kashmiri Muslims. In February 1990, the Prime Minister of Pakistan reached Muzaffarabad, the capital of occupied Kashmir. Standing there, he addressed the Kashmiris across the Line of Control.
After this, the madness in the Valley reached its peak. According to author Rahul Pandita, who has experienced displacement, on March 7, Governor Jagmohan appealed to Kashmiri Pandits to stay in the Valley.
Despite this, the fact remains that the largest number of Kashmiri Pandits left the Valley in March and April 1990. Because the killings were not taking the name of stopping. One person was killed in every murder.
But it used to break the courage of 10 people who knew that person. When people came out of their homes, they were not allowed to take their belongings. Women sold jewelry at throwaway prices, but they could not sell houses.
Kashmiri Pandits, accustomed to the snow of Kashmir, experienced the heat of the field for the first time. Harinder Baweja went to Jammu and Kashmir in 1992 for India Today Magazine. He writes in his report that in the first two and a half years of displacement, 430 Pandits died due to heatstroke.
There were tents on the banks of the river. 24 people lost their lives due to drowning. Snakes and scorpions took the lives of 12 people. Mental stress patients started increasing, and people started thinking about suicide.
With the arrival of refugees in Jammu, which was considered safe for Hindus, land prices and house rents started rising rapidly. Pandits could not arrange more than a single room even after adding a lot of money.
Government arrangements are very useless, and preparations are insufficient. There was nothing in hand; otherwise, it concluded that women had to survive by selling their jewelry.
After the dismissal of the Farooq Abdullah government, there was President’s rule in Jammu and Kashmir for six and a half years. Girish Chandra Saxena became the governor after Jagmohan Malhotra.
He was once again followed by General KV Krishnarao (R). During these times, elections were held once again in 1996. Farooq Abdullah again became the CM for six years. Delhi saw two more prime ministers – Chandrashekhar and PV Narasimha Rao.
Farooq Abdullah continued to run the government in Jammu and Kashmir till October 2002. During this, HD Dave Gowda, I.K. Gujral, and Atal Bihari Vajpayee became the Prime Ministers. The mention of Vajpayee in the context of Kashmir is also crucial because his Kashmir policy received praise on both sides of the Line of Control. Vajpayee spoke of humanity, jamhooriyat, and kashmiriyat.
This statement was heard with great expectation in the worst-affected Kashmir by terrorism. Despite this, the condition of the displaced Pandits did not change much. From 2002 to 2008, Mufti Muhammad Sayeed and Ghulam Nabi Azad were chief ministers for three years each. The situation remained the same. This was when Manmohan Singh became the Prime Minister in Delhi.
The parties of the Valley sometimes ruled in alliance with the Congress and sometimes with the BJP. The PDP, which supported Congress’s Ghulam Nabi Azad, went with the BJP in 2015 to keep Omar Abdullah’s National Conference out of power. This was the time of the beginning of the Modi era in the country.
The BJP left Mehbooba Mufti in June 2018, and on August 6, 2019, Article 370 was repealed in Jammu and Kashmir. The state was divided into two parts and made a union territory. And till now, the government has been running from Delhi. The recent lieutenant governor is Manoj Sinha.
Coming to this point, all the names that we counted you, all of them said that we would do justice to Kashmiri Pandits. Now let us come to how much justice all these together could do.
A continuous relief package has been announced for Kashmir. In 2008, the Manmohan Singh government announced 3,000 jobs for Kashmiri Pandits. About one and a half thousand Pandits got jobs in this scheme.
The Narendra Modi government also made a similar announcement in 2015. A new thing in the statement of the Modi government was transit accommodation. Mane townships to resettle Kashmiri Pandits in the Valley.
You will get an estimate of how many Pandits went back from another figure. In March 2021, the government told Parliament that 3,800 youth had returned to Kashmir from 1990 to 2021.
On examining the media reports, it is seen that a large number of the returned people are being given jobs in the Valley under the relief package. In the first one and a half years after the abrogation of Article 370, about five and a half hundred youths had returned in this way.
In 2021, the government claimed that one thousand houses had been built for these people, and 6 thousand more were being built. But even now, Kashmiri Pandits think a thousand times before returning to the Valley because there is a lack of security.
Many Kashmiri Pandits have also built pucca houses in Jammu or other parts of the country. Leaving all this, he can think of going to Kashmir only when there is a guarantee that nothing wrong will happen to him now.
It is not that Kashmiri Pandits who are away from Kashmir have no problem in front of them. The way politics is being done by making their sorrow a weapon has created such an atmosphere that they are now under pressure to talk about only one type of thing.
This was visible in the discussions on social media regarding The Kashmir Files. Writer Rahul Pandita shared some screenshots from his Instagram account on Twitter. We cannot even show them without blurring them. You can understand the level of language.
Tweeting this, Rahul Pandita wrote that the love of those who sympathize with Kashmiri Pandits has risen in the morning. After this, the same people who were reading the words of the names of Kashmir Pandits started abusing them.
More than Instagram, similar people also came on Twitter. He started being targeted for the film Shikara. Apart from this, when India Today correspondent Pooja Shali questioned the government’s rehabilitation policy, posters were made in this way for them.
The photos went viral, calling Kashmiri Pandits a traitor. On the one hand, show sympathy to Kashmir Pandits, and on the other hand, if Kashmiri Pandits ask questions, then abuse them. You won’t even find this rare example of sloppy jingoism by searching.