America and China have warned each other about Taiwan. On Friday, US President Joe Biden held a two-hour and twenty-minute long conversation with Chinese President Xi Jinping over the phone.
According to the White House, there was a direct and frank conversation between the two leaders. Between the two, there were talks about the Russia-Ukraine war, the global impact of the war, health and many issues, including US-China relations, resolving mutual differences and exploring the possibility of working on the issue of common interests.
Giving information about the two leaders’ phone calls, White House Press Secretary Caryn Sean Pierce said, “The two had a candid conversation. Biden has known Xi Jinping for nearly four decades. The President has repeatedly said that the leaders should There has to be a direct conversation.”
What issues were discussed in this important call?
It has been told by the White House-
Biden was in the Oval House, accompanied by National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan, Chief Deputy National Security Adviser John Finer, Secretary of State Antony Blinken, Indo Pacific Coordinator Kurt Campbell and Senior Director Laura Rosenberger.
The two leaders discussed the issues on which there is a possibility of working with both the leaders. Issues such as climate change, health and stopping the work of drugs.
The two leaders also discussed the Russia-Ukraine war and its impact on the whole world.
Tension and warnings on Taiwan
The issue of Taiwan was also discussed between the two leaders. Biden said that he respected the ‘One China Policy’.
But the tension between the two regarding Taiwan was shown during the conversation. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian has said that Xi Jinping has warned Biden on the issue of Taiwan.
Talking to the media, Zhao Lijian said, “The opinion of the Chinese government and people has always been on the question of Taiwan. One and a half billion Chinese citizens believe that the country’s national security, sovereignty and territorial integrity should be maintained.” It is important to respect the opinion of ordinary citizens. People who play with fire are ruined one day. We hope America knows about it.”
On what issues there is tension between America and China-
Trade War – Both have increased import tax on each other’s products. In recent years, many economic sanctions have also been imposed on each other.
Increasing influence of China in the sea – America and Western countries are angry due to the spread of China’s feet in the South China Sea. Due to this, the tension between the two has also increased to warning.
Siege of China – America wants to increase relations with the countries of the Pacific. Here he is trying to stop the influence of China along with his ally Australia. The US, UK and Australia have recently formed an Ocus Security Coalition.
Human rights violation- America also accuses China of violating the human rights of Vigar minority Muslims, although China has been denying this.
The Chinese government says that the US had proposed talks between the two leaders. But why did America come forward for talks despite tensions with China on many issues?
Harsh Pant, a foreign affairs expert, says, “Earlier it was believed that the US and China relations deteriorated due to the Trump administration. But now the Biden administration has also not made any major changes in America’s China policy. The issues of tension between China remain, whether it is Taiwan, the increasing influence of China in the South China Sea or the ongoing trade war between the two countries.
Professor Pant says, “This phone call has been made to some extent keeping in mind whether these relations can be improved without further straining the situation. Because the danger is looming that there will be some major misunderstanding about Taiwan No step should be taken and America and China come face to face. To handle any such situation, the Biden administration feels that it should talk to China.
Professor Harsh Pant believes that the upcoming visit of Nancy Pelosi to Taiwan can further increase the tension between the two countries.
Pant says, “It has to be seen whether Pelosi goes to Taiwan and then how China reacts to it. It has become an important political issue for America. Taiwan and other allies are eyeing this visit. Especially Taiwan America If Pelosi does not go, it will be a signal to Taiwan whether it should trust America in the future. “
Taiwan is also becoming a question of credibility of Chinese President Xi Jinping. From August to September-October in China, there will be a national convention of the party in which President Jinping is to be approved for the next five years.
Professor Pant says, “China’s economic condition is bad at this time. Xi Jinping does not want to look weak at such a time, so he will resort to nationalism and go to Taiwan. That’s why we are seeing that China is aggressive about Taiwan.” And using provocative language.”
What could be the impact on India?
China is a neighbor of India, both share a border of about 3488 km. But for the past few years, India and China have been embroiled in a border dispute.
Tension in the relationship between the two has increased after the clash between the soldiers of both the countries in Galwan Valley in June 2020. India has banned dozens of Chinese mobile apps and also imposed anti-dumping tax on some Chinese products.
At the same time, India has strong relations with America. India is an important ally of America in Asia to counter China.
In May this year, ASEAN’s special conference was held in Washington, America, it also wants to revive the Asia Pacific Quad Alliance. America has also openly indicated to strengthen relations with India.
In such a situation, if the tension between China and America increases, then the possibility of its impact on India has also been expressed.
Can the talks between the leaders of America and China have any effect on India too? On this question, Professor Dibyesh Anand, an expert on international affairs, says, “It is not important for India that China and America are talking. What is important for India is the way China has clearly told America that Taiwan’s In the matter, he will not allow anyone to interfere. This is a sign for India that China will not allow anyone to interfere in the tension between itself and India.
Professor Dibyesh Anand is also the Head of Research in the Department of Politics and International Relations at the University of West Minster, London.
The issue of Taiwan is such on which many countries speak unitedly. America has also been using this issue to answer China. To reduce the influence of China, the quad has been made, of which India is also a part. But there is no effect on China. China is showing that it is also a superpower.
Professor Anand says, “India does not have any military alliance with the US. India is a part of the Quad but it is not a military alliance. It is well known that the Quad has been created to reduce the influence of China. ”
“In today’s global environment, it is visible that America’s power is decreasing and China is a rising power. As far as India is concerned, India is an uncertain power (Uncertain Power). If seen in that context, India has also taken the same side as China has taken in the Russo-Ukraine war.
Explaining the signs of this language of China, Professor Anand says, “The language of China has been more strict during the Galwan tension than Doklam. It is clear that nationalism is growing in China in the same way as it is growing in India. The problem It is that if this nationalism continues to grow like this, then there can be a big tension ahead.”
China is an emerging superpower. Analysts believe that China could become the world’s largest superpower in the next few decades in terms of global military power. In recent years, it has also been seen that China has taken concrete steps on its issues and the world has listened to it somewhere.
So does this not mean that China’s language and attitude will become more and more strict and is China showing more than its power?
On this question, Professor Anand says, “I believe that China is not understanding itself much. There is some degree of arrogance in any authoritarian power. One thing is also that the matter of policies at the global level. I am getting what China wants. He said that if no one will recognize Taiwan, then no one, including India, has recognized it.